Learning Theories: An Educational Perspective

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Learning Theories: An Educational Perspective

Learning Theories: An Educational Perspective

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Key features of the text include: Vignettes at the start of each chapter illustrating some of the principles discussed in the chapter, examples and applications throughout the chapters, and separate sections on instructional applications at the end of each chapter. Schunk concludes these four chapters with a Summary of Learning Issues, addressing the following six questions from the theoretical perspectives of each chapter.

He argues that a robust learning theory seeks to explain behaviour, to predict it and even to shape or change learner behaviours. This introduces a section in this article on doubts about the optimistic expectations that active learning and constructing personal knowledge representations is a straightforward result of learning in interactive learning environments.His view is that learning involves relatively permanent changes in disposition (the inclination to perform) and capability (knowledge or skills required to do something) as a result of experience. Social cognitive theory developed from the work of Bandura, who recognized that much learning occurs in social environments and put forth “a framework of triadic reciprocality between behaviors, environmental variables and personal factors such as cognitions” (p 119). Many of them have been pioneered by educational theorists who’ve studied the science of learning to determine what works best and for whom. Six chapters cover the major theories of learning — behaviorism, social cognitive theory, information processing theory, cognitive learning processes, and constructivism.

The final learning theory chapter is on constructivism, which is more an epistemology of learning than a theory, in the sense that it rejects the concept of “scientific truths” waiting to be discovered, and views learning from the situational cognitive perspective in which each person constructs his or her own knowledge (with the consequence that what is true for one person may not be true for someone else).

As the prolific number of educational theorists in learning suggests, there’s actually an impressive variety of educational approaches to the art and science of teaching. There are five primary educational learning theories: behaviorism, cognitive, constructivism, humanism, and connectivism. National University offers a wide range of accredited bachelor’s and master’s degree programs in education, including the Master of Arts in Education (MAE) and Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education (BAECE), which we’ve highlighted some details about below. So, whether you’re an aspiring or experienced teacher, a student, or a parent of a student (or some combination thereof), knowing more about each theory can make you more effective in the pursuit of knowledge.

That’s an important topic that we’ll discuss more later on in this guide, where we’ll share a few tips and strategies for utilizing theories of learning in the classroom. Sections on learning from technology and electronic media have been updated and revised to better educate students on how these advancements can be used effectively in instruction to promote learning in students. In the section ‘A note on Cognitive Load Theory (CLT)’ I addressed this point writing “I have included Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) as a distinct theory even though it is a cognitivist theory. However, behaviourist learning theory continued its development from the 1950s onwards alongside the invention and eventual widespread use of computers. The following three chapters cover key topics related to learning -- motivation, self-regulated learning, and contextual influences.Informed by the digital age, connectivism departs from constructivism by identifying and remediating gaps in knowledge. El segundo capítulo está dedicado a la neurociencia del aprendizaje: tema de gran auge en la educación actualmente. After an introduction to learning and an overview of the neuroscience of learning, chapters are presented on behaviorism, social cognitive theory, information processing and constructivism. T. Bugental, and Abraham Maslow (whose famous “Hierarchy of Needs” you’re likely already familiar with), Humanist Learning Theory (HLT) is a learner-centric approach to education. By submitting my information, I acknowledge that I have read and reviewed the Student Code of Conduct located in the Catalog .

There are numerous theories of learning, with new ones sure to emerge in the future while others fade and become obsolete. However, arguably it isn’t a fully formed learning theory, and it has very little to say about how people learn using technology. The field of instructional design from 1945 onwards made use of behaviourist thinking with its focus on the systematic design of instruction based on concrete and discrete learning steps.

Strongly influenced by technology, connectivism focuses on a learner’s ability to frequently source and update accurate information. By incorporating theories of learning into their teaching methods and course materials, educators can help students stay more engaged and achieve greater success in — and beyond — the classroom. Other education-related degree programs at National University include the Master’s of Early Childhood Education; the Master of Arts in Social Emotional Learning; and, similar to the BAECE, the Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Development with a Multiple Subject Teaching Credential. The next four chapters present theories of learning: behaviourism, social cognitive theory, information processing theory, and constructivism. In contrast to Behaviorism, Cognitivism holds that learning chiefly takes place while the student is working to break down and organize new information in their mind.



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