PURATEN LED Plant Grow Light Strips, 90LEDs 3 Light Bar Plant Light Full Spectrum LED Grow Lamp with Auto Timer 4/8/12H, 5 Dimmable Level for Indoor Plants Hydroponic(size:uk plug)

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PURATEN LED Plant Grow Light Strips, 90LEDs 3 Light Bar Plant Light Full Spectrum LED Grow Lamp with Auto Timer 4/8/12H, 5 Dimmable Level for Indoor Plants Hydroponic(size:uk plug)

PURATEN LED Plant Grow Light Strips, 90LEDs 3 Light Bar Plant Light Full Spectrum LED Grow Lamp with Auto Timer 4/8/12H, 5 Dimmable Level for Indoor Plants Hydroponic(size:uk plug)

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Bremer, Francis J. (2009). Puritanism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199740871.

By the beginning of the 18th century, Puritanism had both declined and shown its tenacity. Though “the New England Way” evolved into a relatively minor system of organizing religious experience within the broader American scene, its central themes recur in the related religious communities of Quakers, Baptists, Presbyterians, Methodists and a whole range of evangelical Protestants. Osgood, Herbert L. (7 August 1891). "The Political Ideas of the Puritans". Political Science Quarterly. 6 (1): 1–28. doi: 10.2307/2139228. JSTOR 2139228. Durston, Chris (December 1985). "Lords of Misrule: The Puritan War on Christmas 1642–60". History Today. Vol.35, no.12. pp.7–14. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007.Anti-Catholic sentiment appeared in New England with the first Pilgrim and Puritan settlers. [146] In 1647, Massachusetts passed a law prohibiting any Jesuit Roman Catholic priests from entering territory under Puritan jurisdiction. [147] Any suspected person who could not clear himself was to be banished from the colony; a second offense carried a death penalty. [148] Historiography [ edit ] Second version of The Puritan, a late 19th-century sculpture by Augustus Saint-Gaudens Coffey & Lim 2008, pp.83–84: "But it was not for their heterodox theology or their own open meetings that they [the Quakers] were arrested and mistreated. It was for disrupting services in what they insisted on calling ‘steeple-houses’ rather than churches; that, or for organising tithe-strikes aimed directly and specifically to undermine the state church."

The 1653 Instrument of Government guaranteed that in matters of religion "none shall be compelled by penalties or otherwise, but endeavours be used to win them by sound Doctrine and the Example of a good conversation". Religious freedom was given to "all who profess Faith in God by Jesus Christ". [140] However, Catholics and some others were excluded. No one was executed for their religion during the Protectorate. [140] In London, those attending Catholic mass or Anglican holy communion were occasionally arrested but released without charge. Many unofficial Protestant congregations, such as Baptist churches, were permitted to meet. [141] Quakers were allowed to publish freely and hold meetings. They were, however, arrested for disrupting parish church services and organising tithe-strikes against the state church. [142] Quaker Mary Dyer led to execution on Boston Common, 1 June 1660, by an unknown 19th century artist Puritanism gave Americans a sense of history as a progressive drama under the direction of God, in which they played a role akin to, if not prophetically aligned with, that of the Old Testament Jews as a new chosen people. While the Puritans were united in their goal of furthering the English Reformation, they were always divided over issues of ecclesiology and church polity, specifically questions relating to the manner of organizing congregations, how individual congregations should relate with one another and whether established national churches were scriptural. [54] On these questions, Puritans divided between supporters of episcopal polity, presbyterian polity and congregational polity.

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Puritans began smuggling themselves out of England to the Netherlands where there was greater religious tolerance and a number of congregations established themselves in Amsterdam. One such congregation, in the Village of Scrooby, England, was discovered by the Anglican Archbishop Tobias Matthew (l. 1546-1628 CE) in 1607 CE, and its members were arrested and fined. The group was led by the pastor John Robinson (l. 1576-1625 CE) who afterwards resolved to go the same route others had and leave for the Netherlands. They first moved to Amsterdam but, finding dissent among the Puritan congregations too rife there, moved on to Leiden.



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